Hypertonic drinks have high levels of carbohydrates

FOOD TECHNOLOGY (11-10-2021)

Q1. ________ have high levels of carbohydrates.

  1. Isotonic drinks
  2. Hypotonic drinks
  3. Hypertonic drinks
  4. All of the above

ANSWER – 3. Hypertonic drinks

  • Explanation – Hypertonic drinks have high levels of carbohydrates. Carbohydrate content is significant in hypertonic drinks. After exercise, hypertonic drinks can be used to supplement daily carbohydrate intake and replenish muscle glycogen stores. Long-distance activities necessitate high amounts of energy, which can be met with hypertonic drinks consumed during exercise. When used to replace fluids during exercise, hypertonic drinks should be combined with isotonic liquids.


Q2. The red wine contains anthocyanin (as coloring pigment) and is subjected to secondary fermentation termed as _________.

  1. Malolactic fermentation
  2. Primary fermentation
  3. Lactic acid fermentation
  4. Ethanol fermentation

ANSWER: 1. Malolactic fermentation

  • Explanation: White wine (produced from green grapes) and red wine (made from red grapes) are the two main types of wine (from red or blue grapes). The red wine contains anthocyanin (a color pigment) and is subjected to a secondary fermentation called “Malolactic fermentation” to smooth out the flavor. Wine contains between 9 and 16 percent alcohol by volume (v/v).


Q3. _______ is a class of alcoholic beverages that are unsweetened and produced by distillation of fermented base.

  1. Wine
  2. Spirit
  3. Beer
  4. Cold beverages

ANSWER: 2. Spirit

  • Explanation – Spirit is a type of alcoholic beverage that is manufactured by distilling a fermented base. It is unsweetened. Molasses (a by-product of the sugar industry), fruit juices, cereal extract, or a combination of many fermentable substrates may be used as the fermented basis. Spirits are distinguished by their greater alcohol level, which can reach up to 20%.


Q4. _________ is fermented by bottom yeast  Saccharomyces pastorianus at a lower temperature (7-12 °C) for a longer period.

  1. Ale
  2. Wine
  3. Lager
  4. Spirit

ANSWER – 3. Lager

  • Explanation: Beer comes in a variety of flavors, but two are particularly popular. These are referred to as “Lager” beers because they are fermented by bottom yeast, Saccharomyces pastorianus, at a lower temperature (7-12 C) for a longer period, whereas “Ale” beers are made with top-fermenting yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, at a higher temperature (18-25 C)


Q5. _________ are also called as “electrolyte drinks”.

  1. Sports beverages
  2. Herbal drinks
  3. Energy drinks
  4. Stimulating beverages

ANSWER: 1. Sports beverages

  • Explanation: Sports beverages, often known as “electrolyte drinks,” are primarily intended to replace fluid and electrolyte loss as well as offer fast energy during exercise and sports activity. The carbohydrate content of sports drinks ranged from 4 to 8 percent. Many important minerals, including chloride, calcium, phosphate, magnesium, sodium, and potassium, are electrolytes.


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