Food Science & Technology Quiz (14-10-2021)
Q1. Overrun should be _______ the total solids in the ice cream mix.
- 2–3 times
- 4 times
- 5 times
- Same as
ANSWER: 1. 2 – 3 times
Explanation: The volume of ice cream obtained more than the volume of the mix is commonly referred to as overrun. Typically, it is expressed as a percentage of overrun. The air included during the freezing process accounts for the majority of the increased volume. Overrun should be 2–3 times the total solids in the ice cream mix. Overrun control is critical, and it should be as consistent as possible from batch to batch and day to day.
READ MORE – FOOD TECHNOLOGY (14-09-2021)
Q2. When meat is cooked ________ shrinks at 55 – 60°C.
- Sarcoplasmic proteins
- Connective tissue
ANSWER: 4. Connective tissue
Explanation: At 55-6O°C, connective tissue (collagen) shrinks as meat is cooked (131-140 F). As a result, at around this temperature, there is an increase in water losses). Collagen softens at 80-100°C (176-212°F) in the presence of water and hydrolyzes to gelatin at temperatures over 90°C (194°F). Collagen should be hydrolyzed at a rate of 25-40%; if it is hydrolyzed at a higher rate, the texture may suffer. It becomes hard and dry when there is no water present, then soft and disintegrates when there is water present.
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Q3. When red meats are cooked, myoglobin changes to a ________?
- Grayish brown-colored pigment
- Reddish pink-colored pigment
- Red-colored pigment
- All of the above
ANSWER: 1. Grayish brown-colored pigment
Explanation – When red meats are cooked, myoglobin changes to a grayish-brown colored pigment (denatured globin hemichrome). Because heat brings about this color change, the color of cooked meat, especially tender cuts of beef, is often used as an index of doneness. However, color is not a reliable index of microbiological safety because meat can turn brown-looking at temperatures that are not adequate to ensure destruction of microorganisms.
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Q4. A recipe calculates the weight and/or volumes of ingredients needed to meet the formula requirements and this is called as?
- Recipe mix
- Mix calculations
- Recipe specifications
- None of the above
ANSWER – 2. Mix calculations
Explanation: A recipe determines the weight and/or volume of elements required to meet the formula’s specifications. Mix calculations are the name for these calculations. Mix calculations are necessary for producing consistently high-quality finished goods. When the composition of raw materials changes or the economics of ingredients changes, the ice cream mix formula must alter as well. Furthermore, this modification must occur without affecting the completed product’s composition.
READ MORE – FOOD TECHNOLOGY (14/08/2021)
Q5. The time necessary for the temperature of the center of the package to drop down to 0°F is known as?
- Freezing time
- Chilling time
- Hardening time
- Both A and B
ANSWER – 3. Hardening time
Explanation – ‘Hardening time’ refers to the amount of time it takes for the temperature in the package’s center to drop below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. The rate of hardening is several times faster when hardening tunnels are used. After removing the ice cream from the freezer, it is packed into containers to be placed in the freezer for hardening; the freezing process is continued without agitation until the ice cream achieves a temperature of 0F or lower, preferably -15°F.
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